Ancient Greek-English Dictionary Language

ἀλύω

Non-contract Verb; Transliteration:

Principal Part: ἀλύω

Structure: ἀλύ (Stem) + ω (Ending)

Etym.: akin to a)la/omai

Sense

  1. to wander in mind
  2. to be ill at ease, be distraught, to be beside oneself
  3. to be at a loss, not know what to do
  4. to be beside oneself
  5. to wander or roam about

Conjugation

Present tense

Active
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἀλύω ἀλύεις ἀλύει
Dual ἀλύετον ἀλύετον
Plural ἀλύομεν ἀλύετε ἀλύουσιν*
SubjunctiveSingular ἀλύω ἀλύῃς ἀλύῃ
Dual ἀλύητον ἀλύητον
Plural ἀλύωμεν ἀλύητε ἀλύωσιν*
OptativeSingular ἀλύοιμι ἀλύοις ἀλύοι
Dual ἀλύοιτον ἀλυοίτην
Plural ἀλύοιμεν ἀλύοιτε ἀλύοιεν
ImperativeSingular ά̓λυε ἀλυέτω
Dual ἀλύετον ἀλυέτων
Plural ἀλύετε ἀλυόντων, ἀλυέτωσαν
Infinitive ἀλύειν
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἀλυων ἀλυοντος ἀλυουσα ἀλυουσης ἀλυον ἀλυοντος
Middle/Passive
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἀλύομαι ἀλύει, ἀλύῃ ἀλύεται
Dual ἀλύεσθον ἀλύεσθον
Plural ἀλυόμεθα ἀλύεσθε ἀλύονται
SubjunctiveSingular ἀλύωμαι ἀλύῃ ἀλύηται
Dual ἀλύησθον ἀλύησθον
Plural ἀλυώμεθα ἀλύησθε ἀλύωνται
OptativeSingular ἀλυοίμην ἀλύοιο ἀλύοιτο
Dual ἀλύοισθον ἀλυοίσθην
Plural ἀλυοίμεθα ἀλύοισθε ἀλύοιντο
ImperativeSingular ἀλύου ἀλυέσθω
Dual ἀλύεσθον ἀλυέσθων
Plural ἀλύεσθε ἀλυέσθων, ἀλυέσθωσαν
Infinitive ἀλύεσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἀλυομενος ἀλυομενου ἀλυομενη ἀλυομενης ἀλυομενον ἀλυομενου

Imperfect tense

The inflection forms above were generated by rules and some usages of them were not attested.

Due to a bug of system, some forms may display wrong accents.

Examples

  • τοιαῦτ’ ἀλύει· (Aristotle, Wasps, Prologue 3:14)
  • Ἀντώνιον δέ, ὥσπερ ἐν ταῖσ γραφαῖσ ὁρῶμεν τοῦ Ἡρακλέουσ τὴν Ὀμφάλην ὑφαιροῦσαν τὸ ῥόπαλον καὶ τὴν λεοντῆν ἀποδύουσαν, οὕτω πολλάκισ Κλεοπάτρα παροπλίσασα καὶ καταθέλξασα συνέπεισεν ἀφέντα μεγάλασ πράξεισ ἐκ τῶν χειρῶν καὶ στρατείασ ἀναγκαίασ ἐν ταῖσ περὶ Κάνωβον καὶ Ταφόσιριν ἀκταῖσ ἀλύειν καὶ παίζειν μετ’ αὐτῆσ. (Plutarch, Comparison of Demetrius and Antony, chapter 3 3:1)
  • τί χρῆμ’ ἀλύω, πνεῦμ’ ἀνεὶσ ἐκ πλευμόνων; (Euripides, episode 2:21)
  • λαβοῦσα δή ποτε τὸν Ἀρτοξέρξην ὡρμημένον ἀλύειν σχολῆσ οὔσησ προὐκαλεῖτο περὶ χιλίων δαρεικῶν κυβεῦσαι· (Plutarch, Artaxerxes, chapter 17 3:1)
  • τούτων δ’ ἑκατέρου τῶν γενῶν ὁ μὲν τύποσ τῆσ ἐργασίασ εἷσ ἐστι, κολακείασ ἀγών ὥσπερ ἐπὶ τῶν βίων δὲ τοὺσ μὲν ἡ τύχη ἡμῶν μεγάλοισ προσένειμε, τοὺσ δ’ ἐλάττοσι εἶθ’ οἱ μὲν εὐποροῦμεν, οἱ δ’ ἀλύομεν. (Athenaeus, The Deipnosophists, Book 6, book 6, chapter 31 2:4)

Synonyms

  1. to wander in mind

  2. to be beside oneself

  3. to wander or roam about

Related

Derived

Source: Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon". revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones.

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