Ancient Greek-English Dictionary Language


Non-contract Verb; 자동번역 Transliteration:

Principal Part: λαγχάνω

Structure: λαγχάν (Stem) + ω (Ending)

Etym.: from Root LAX


  1. to obtain by lot, by fate, by the will of the gods, I had, for my portion, to be the tutelary deity of, to protect it, had their post assigned
  2. to obtain, by lot, he who had the lot, those on whom the lot fell
  3. to obtain leave to bring on, to bring an action
  4. to get one's share of, become possessed of
  5. to draw, the lot, cast lots
  6. to put in possession of, to grant, the right
  7. to fall to one's lot or share


Present tense

1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular λαγχάνω λαγχάνεις λαγχάνει
Dual λαγχάνετον λαγχάνετον
Plural λαγχάνομεν λαγχάνετε λαγχάνουσιν*
SubjunctiveSingular λαγχάνω λαγχάνῃς λαγχάνῃ
Dual λαγχάνητον λαγχάνητον
Plural λαγχάνωμεν λαγχάνητε λαγχάνωσιν*
OptativeSingular λαγχάνοιμι λαγχάνοις λαγχάνοι
Dual λαγχάνοιτον λαγχανοίτην
Plural λαγχάνοιμεν λαγχάνοιτε λαγχάνοιεν
ImperativeSingular λάγχανε λαγχανέτω
Dual λαγχάνετον λαγχανέτων
Plural λαγχάνετε λαγχανόντων, λαγχανέτωσαν
Infinitive λαγχάνειν
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
λαγχανων λαγχανοντος λαγχανουσα λαγχανουσης λαγχανον λαγχανοντος
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular λαγχάνομαι λαγχάνει, λαγχάνῃ λαγχάνεται
Dual λαγχάνεσθον λαγχάνεσθον
Plural λαγχανόμεθα λαγχάνεσθε λαγχάνονται
SubjunctiveSingular λαγχάνωμαι λαγχάνῃ λαγχάνηται
Dual λαγχάνησθον λαγχάνησθον
Plural λαγχανώμεθα λαγχάνησθε λαγχάνωνται
OptativeSingular λαγχανοίμην λαγχάνοιο λαγχάνοιτο
Dual λαγχάνοισθον λαγχανοίσθην
Plural λαγχανοίμεθα λαγχάνοισθε λαγχάνοιντο
ImperativeSingular λαγχάνου λαγχανέσθω
Dual λαγχάνεσθον λαγχανέσθων
Plural λαγχάνεσθε λαγχανέσθων, λαγχανέσθωσαν
Infinitive λαγχάνεσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
λαγχανομενος λαγχανομενου λαγχανομενη λαγχανομενης λαγχανομενον λαγχανομενου

Imperfect tense

The inflection forms above were generated by rules and some usages of them were not attested.

Due to a bug of system, some forms may display wrong accents.


  • ἐβουλόμην μέν, ὦ ἄνδρεσ δικασταί, μὴ λίαν οὕτωσ Ἁγνόθεον πρὸσ χρήματ’ ἔχειν αἰσχρῶσ, ὥστε τοῖσ ἀλλοτρίοισ ἐπιβουλεύειν καὶ δίκασ τοιαύτασ λαγχάνειν, ἀλλ’ ὄντα γε οὖν ἀδελφιδοῦν ἐμὸν καὶ κύριον τῆσ πατρῴασ οὐσίασ οὐ μικρᾶσ ἀλλ’ ἱκανῆσ ὥστε καὶ λειτουργεῖν, ὑφ’ ἡμῶν αὐτῷ παραδοθείσησ, ταύτησ ἐπιμελεῖσθαι, τῶν δ’ ἐμῶν μὴ ἐπιθυμεῖν· (Dionysius of Halicarnassus, chapter 83)
  • τί φέρτερον ἢ θεοῖσιν φίλον ἐόντα παντο[δα]πῶν λαγχάνειν ἄπο μοῖρα[ν ἐσ]θλῶν; (Bacchylides, , epinicians, ode 4 Pu/qia.> 2:9)
  • κληροῦσι δὲ καὶ <τοὺσ> τετταράκοντα, τέτταρασ ἐκ τῆσ φυλῆσ ἑκάστησ, πρὸσ οὓσ τὰσ ἄλλασ δίκασ λαγχάνουσιν. (Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, work Ath. Pol., chapter 53 1:1)
  • ὅταν δὲ μὴ εἰδῇ τὸν ποιήσαντα, τῷ δράσαντι λαγχάνει, δικάζει δ’ ὁ βασιλεὺσ καὶ οἱ φυλοβασιλεῖσ, καὶ τὰσ τῶν ἀψύχων καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ζῴων. (Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, work Ath. Pol., chapter 57 4:4)
  • καὶ γὰρ ἄρχουσι καὶ δικάζουσι καὶ συμβουλεύουσι καὶ νομοθετοῦσι καὶ κολάζουσι καὶ τιμῶσιν ὡσ πόλεων οὐσῶν ἐν αἷσ πολιτεύονται, βουλευτῶν δὲ καὶ δικαστῶν ἀεὶ τῶν λαγχανόντων, στρατηγῶν δὲ τῶν χειροτονουμένων, νόμων δὲ τῶν Κλεισθένουσ καὶ Λυκούργου καὶ Σόλωνοσ, οὓσ φαύλουσ καὶ ἀνοήτουσ γεγονέναι λέγουσιν. (Plutarch, De Stoicorum repugnantiis, section 32)


  1. to obtain leave to bring on

  2. to get one's share of

  3. to draw

  4. to fall to one's lot or share



Source: Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon". revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones.

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