Ancient Greek-English Dictionary Language


α-contract Verb; 자동번역 Transliteration:

Principal Part: ὀδυνάω ὀδυνήσω

Structure: ὀδυνά (Stem) + ω (Ending)

Etym.: Pass., 2nd sg. o)duna=sai in NTest.


  1. to cause, pain or suffering, to distress, to feel pain, suffer pain, the pains I suffered


Present tense

1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ὀδυνῶ ὀδυνᾷς ὀδυνᾷ
Dual ὀδυνᾶτον ὀδυνᾶτον
Plural ὀδυνῶμεν ὀδυνᾶτε ὀδυνῶσιν*
SubjunctiveSingular ὀδυνῶ ὀδυνῇς ὀδυνῇ
Dual ὀδυνῆτον ὀδυνῆτον
Plural ὀδυνῶμεν ὀδυνῆτε ὀδυνῶσιν*
OptativeSingular ὀδυνῷμι ὀδυνῷς ὀδυνῷ
Dual ὀδυνῷτον ὀδυνῴτην
Plural ὀδυνῷμεν ὀδυνῷτε ὀδυνῷεν
ImperativeSingular ὀδύνᾱ ὀδυνᾱ́τω
Dual ὀδυνᾶτον ὀδυνᾱ́των
Plural ὀδυνᾶτε ὀδυνώντων, ὀδυνᾱ́τωσαν
Infinitive ὀδυνᾶν
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ὀδυνων ὀδυνωντος ὀδυνωσα ὀδυνωσης ὀδυνων ὀδυνωντος
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ὀδυνῶμαι ὀδυνᾷ ὀδυνᾶται
Dual ὀδυνᾶσθον ὀδυνᾶσθον
Plural ὀδυνώμεθα ὀδυνᾶσθε ὀδυνῶνται
SubjunctiveSingular ὀδυνῶμαι ὀδυνῇ ὀδυνῆται
Dual ὀδυνῆσθον ὀδυνῆσθον
Plural ὀδυνώμεθα ὀδυνῆσθε ὀδυνῶνται
OptativeSingular ὀδυνῴμην ὀδυνῷο ὀδυνῷτο
Dual ὀδυνῷσθον ὀδυνῴσθην
Plural ὀδυνῴμεθα ὀδυνῷσθε ὀδυνῷντο
ImperativeSingular ὀδυνῶ ὀδυνᾱ́σθω
Dual ὀδυνᾶσθον ὀδυνᾱ́σθων
Plural ὀδυνᾶσθε ὀδυνᾱ́σθων, ὀδυνᾱ́σθωσαν
Infinitive ὀδυνᾶσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ὀδυνωμενος ὀδυνωμενου ὀδυνωμενη ὀδυνωμενης ὀδυνωμενον ὀδυνωμενου

Future tense

Imperfect tense

The inflection forms above were generated by rules and some usages of them were not attested.

Due to a bug of system, some forms may display wrong accents.


  • οὔτε βίουσ οὔτε γάμουσ καθαροὺσ ἔτι φυλάσσουσιν, ἕτεροσ δ̓ ἕτερον ἢ λοχῶν ἀναιρεῖ ἢ νοθεύων ὀδυνᾷ. (Septuagint, Liber Sapientiae 14:24)
  • οὗτοσ τὰσ ἁμαρτίασ ἡμῶν φέρει καὶ περὶ ἡμῶν ὀδυνᾶται, καὶ ἡμεῖσ ἐλογισάμεθα αὐτὸν εἶναι ἐν πόνῳ καὶ ἐν πληγῇ ὑπὸ Θεοῦ καὶ ἐν κακώσει. (Septuagint, Liber Isaiae 53:4)
  • "ἴστε γὰρ ὡσ ὀδυνῶμαι καὶ διέμπιλον ἔχω τὴν κεφαλήν. (Lucian, Lexiphanes, (no name) 13:3)
  • εἶτ’ ὄξει διέμενοσ Σφηττίῳ κατέπλασεν αὐτοῦ τὰ βλέφαρ’ ἐκστρέψασ, ἵνα ὀδυνῷτο μᾶλλον. (Aristophanes, Plutus, Episode 2:23)
  • κἄλλωσ ὀδυνᾶν χρή· (Aristophanes, Lysistrata, Prologue 4:29)


  1. to cause



Source: Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon". revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones.

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