Ancient Greek-English Dictionary Language


Non-contract Verb; 자동번역 Transliteration:

Principal Part: φθίω

Structure: φθί (Stem) + ω (Ending)

Etym.: there is no diff. of sense in Act. and Pass.


  1. to decay, wane, dwindle, be come to an end, wane or pass away, let, be wasted, wane, ending
  2. to decline, set
  3. to waste away, pine, perish, to fade away, disappear, slain, dead, the dead
  4. to make to decay or pine away, to consume, destroy


Present tense

1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular φθίω φθίεις φθίει
Dual φθίετον φθίετον
Plural φθίομεν φθίετε φθίουσιν*
SubjunctiveSingular φθίω φθίῃς φθίῃ
Dual φθίητον φθίητον
Plural φθίωμεν φθίητε φθίωσιν*
OptativeSingular φθίοιμι φθίοις φθίοι
Dual φθίοιτον φθιοίτην
Plural φθίοιμεν φθίοιτε φθίοιεν
ImperativeSingular φθίε φθιέτω
Dual φθίετον φθιέτων
Plural φθίετε φθιόντων, φθιέτωσαν
Infinitive φθίειν
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
φθιων φθιοντος φθιουσα φθιουσης φθιον φθιοντος
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular φθίομαι φθίει, φθίῃ φθίεται
Dual φθίεσθον φθίεσθον
Plural φθιόμεθα φθίεσθε φθίονται
SubjunctiveSingular φθίωμαι φθίῃ φθίηται
Dual φθίησθον φθίησθον
Plural φθιώμεθα φθίησθε φθίωνται
OptativeSingular φθιοίμην φθίοιο φθίοιτο
Dual φθίοισθον φθιοίσθην
Plural φθιοίμεθα φθίοισθε φθίοιντο
ImperativeSingular φθίου φθιέσθω
Dual φθίεσθον φθιέσθων
Plural φθίεσθε φθιέσθων, φθιέσθωσαν
Infinitive φθίεσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
φθιομενος φθιομενου φθιομενη φθιομενης φθιομενον φθιομενου

Imperfect tense

The inflection forms above were generated by rules and some usages of them were not attested.

Due to a bug of system, some forms may display wrong accents.


  1. to decline

  2. to make to decay or pine away


Source: Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon". revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones.

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