Ancient Greek-English Dictionary Language

ἐθίζω

Non-contract Verb; 자동번역 Transliteration:

Principal Part: ἐθίζω

Structure: ἐθίζ (Stem) + ω (Ending)

Etym.: e)/qos

Sense

  1. to accustom, use, to be or become accustomed or used

Conjugation

Present tense

Active
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἐθίζω ἐθίζεις ἐθίζει
Dual ἐθίζετον ἐθίζετον
Plural ἐθίζομεν ἐθίζετε ἐθίζουσιν*
SubjunctiveSingular ἐθίζω ἐθίζῃς ἐθίζῃ
Dual ἐθίζητον ἐθίζητον
Plural ἐθίζωμεν ἐθίζητε ἐθίζωσιν*
OptativeSingular ἐθίζοιμι ἐθίζοις ἐθίζοι
Dual ἐθίζοιτον ἐθιζοίτην
Plural ἐθίζοιμεν ἐθίζοιτε ἐθίζοιεν
ImperativeSingular έ̓θιζε ἐθιζέτω
Dual ἐθίζετον ἐθιζέτων
Plural ἐθίζετε ἐθιζόντων, ἐθιζέτωσαν
Infinitive ἐθίζειν
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἐθιζων ἐθιζοντος ἐθιζουσα ἐθιζουσης ἐθιζον ἐθιζοντος
Middle/Passive
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἐθίζομαι ἐθίζει, ἐθίζῃ ἐθίζεται
Dual ἐθίζεσθον ἐθίζεσθον
Plural ἐθιζόμεθα ἐθίζεσθε ἐθίζονται
SubjunctiveSingular ἐθίζωμαι ἐθίζῃ ἐθίζηται
Dual ἐθίζησθον ἐθίζησθον
Plural ἐθιζώμεθα ἐθίζησθε ἐθίζωνται
OptativeSingular ἐθιζοίμην ἐθίζοιο ἐθίζοιτο
Dual ἐθίζοισθον ἐθιζοίσθην
Plural ἐθιζοίμεθα ἐθίζοισθε ἐθίζοιντο
ImperativeSingular ἐθίζου ἐθιζέσθω
Dual ἐθίζεσθον ἐθιζέσθων
Plural ἐθίζεσθε ἐθιζέσθων, ἐθιζέσθωσαν
Infinitive ἐθίζεσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἐθιζομενος ἐθιζομενου ἐθιζομενη ἐθιζομενης ἐθιζομενον ἐθιζομενου

Imperfect tense

The inflection forms above were generated by rules and some usages of them were not attested.

Due to a bug of system, some forms may display wrong accents.

Examples

  • ἀποδύσαντεσ αὐτά, ὡσ ἔφην, οὐκέτι ἁπαλὰ καὶ τέλεον ἀσυμπαγῆ ὄντα, πρῶτον μὲν ἐθίζειν ἀξιοῦμεν πρὸσ τὸν ἀέρα, συνοικειοῦντεσ αὐτὰ ταῖσ ὡρ́αισ ἑκάσταισ, ὡσ μήτε θάλποσ δυσχεραίνειν μήτε πρὸσ κρύοσ ἀπαγορεύειν, ἔπειτα δὲ χρίομεν ἐλαίῳ καὶ καταμαλάττομεν, ὡσ εὐτονώτερα γίγνοιτο· (Lucian, Anacharsis, (no name) 24:2)
  • τοὐντεῦθεν ποικίλα τὰ γυμνάσια ἐπινοήσαντεσ καὶ διδασκάλουσ ἑκάστων ἐπιστήσαντεσ τὸν μέν τινα πυκτεύειν, τὸν δὲ παγκρατιάζειν διδάσκομεν, ὡσ τούσ τε πόνουσ καρτερεῖν ἐθίζοιντο καὶ ὁμόσε χωρεῖν ταῖσ πληγαῖσ μηδὲ ἀποτρέποιντο δέει τῶν τραυμάτων. (Lucian, Anacharsis, (no name) 24:4)
  • περὶ δὲ ὁμιλίασ μήθ’ ὥστε δεῖσθαι <μηθὲν> μήθ’ ὡσ ἀπόντοσ ἀδυνατεῖν ἡσυχάζειν, ἀλλ’ οὕτωσ ἐθίζειν ὥστε ἱκανῶσ ἔχειν παρόντοσ καὶ μὴ παρόντοσ. (Aristotle, Economics, Book 1 21:1)
  • μηδ’ ἐθίζου νῦν λέγειν. (Aristotle, Ecclesiazusae, Prologue 5:18)
  • αἵ τε γὰρ πέρδικεσ ἐν τῷ προφεύγειν τοὺσ νεοττοὺσ ἐθίζουσιν ἀποκρύπτεσθαι καὶ προΐσχεσθαι βῶλον ἀνθ’ ἑαυτῶν τοῖσ ποσὶν ὑπτίουσ ἀναπεσόντασ· (Plutarch, Bruta animalia ratione uti, chapter, section 9 12:2)
  • "ἐμαυτὸν ἐθίζω μελετῶν ὥστ’ ἐν μηδεμιᾷ μεταβολῇ μεταβολὴν ζητεῖν. (Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica, , section 22 1:1)
  • "ἐμαυτὸν ἐθίζω λέγων ὥστ’ ἐν μηδεμιᾷ μεταβολῇ μεταβολὴν ζητεῖν. (Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica, , section 22 2:1)

Synonyms

  1. to accustom

Related

Derived

Source: Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon". revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones.

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