Ancient Greek-English Dictionary Language


ε-contract Verb; 자동번역 Transliteration:

Principal Part: ἐπιπνέω ἐπιπνεύσομαι ἐπέπνευσα

Structure: ἐπι (Prefix) + πνέ (Stem) + ω (Ending)


  1. to breathe upon, to blow freshly upon, on, to blow fairly for
  2. to blow furiously upon
  3. to blow over
  4. to excite, inflame
  5. to inspire into


Present tense

1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἐπιπνῶ ἐπιπνεῖς ἐπιπνεῖ
Dual ἐπιπνεῖτον ἐπιπνεῖτον
Plural ἐπιπνοῦμεν ἐπιπνεῖτε ἐπιπνοῦσιν*
SubjunctiveSingular ἐπιπνῶ ἐπιπνῇς ἐπιπνῇ
Dual ἐπιπνῆτον ἐπιπνῆτον
Plural ἐπιπνῶμεν ἐπιπνῆτε ἐπιπνῶσιν*
OptativeSingular ἐπιπνοῖμι ἐπιπνοῖς ἐπιπνοῖ
Dual ἐπιπνοῖτον ἐπιπνοίτην
Plural ἐπιπνοῖμεν ἐπιπνοῖτε ἐπιπνοῖεν
ImperativeSingular ἐπιπνεῖ ἐπιπνείτω
Dual ἐπιπνεῖτον ἐπιπνείτων
Plural ἐπιπνεῖτε ἐπιπνούντων, ἐπιπνείτωσαν
Infinitive ἐπιπνεῖν
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἐπιπνων ἐπιπνουντος ἐπιπνουσα ἐπιπνουσης ἐπιπνουν ἐπιπνουντος
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἐπιπνοῦμαι ἐπιπνεῖ, ἐπιπνῇ ἐπιπνεῖται
Dual ἐπιπνεῖσθον ἐπιπνεῖσθον
Plural ἐπιπνούμεθα ἐπιπνεῖσθε ἐπιπνοῦνται
SubjunctiveSingular ἐπιπνῶμαι ἐπιπνῇ ἐπιπνῆται
Dual ἐπιπνῆσθον ἐπιπνῆσθον
Plural ἐπιπνώμεθα ἐπιπνῆσθε ἐπιπνῶνται
OptativeSingular ἐπιπνοίμην ἐπιπνοῖο ἐπιπνοῖτο
Dual ἐπιπνοῖσθον ἐπιπνοίσθην
Plural ἐπιπνοίμεθα ἐπιπνοῖσθε ἐπιπνοῖντο
ImperativeSingular ἐπιπνοῦ ἐπιπνείσθω
Dual ἐπιπνεῖσθον ἐπιπνείσθων
Plural ἐπιπνεῖσθε ἐπιπνείσθων, ἐπιπνείσθωσαν
Infinitive ἐπιπνεῖσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἐπιπνουμενος ἐπιπνουμενου ἐπιπνουμενη ἐπιπνουμενης ἐπιπνουμενον ἐπιπνουμενου

Future tense

Imperfect tense

Aorist tense

1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἐπέπνευσα ἐπέπνευσας ἐπέπνευσεν*
Dual ἐπεπνεύσατον ἐπεπνευσάτην
Plural ἐπεπνεύσαμεν ἐπεπνεύσατε ἐπέπνευσαν
SubjunctiveSingular ἐπιπνεύσω ἐπιπνεύσῃς ἐπιπνεύσῃ
Dual ἐπιπνεύσητον ἐπιπνεύσητον
Plural ἐπιπνεύσωμεν ἐπιπνεύσητε ἐπιπνεύσωσιν*
OptativeSingular ἐπιπνεύσαιμι ἐπιπνεύσαις ἐπιπνεύσαι
Dual ἐπιπνεύσαιτον ἐπιπνευσαίτην
Plural ἐπιπνεύσαιμεν ἐπιπνεύσαιτε ἐπιπνεύσαιεν
ImperativeSingular ἐπιπνεύσον ἐπιπνευσάτω
Dual ἐπιπνεύσατον ἐπιπνευσάτων
Plural ἐπιπνεύσατε ἐπιπνευσάντων
Infinitive ἐπιπνεύσαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἐπιπνευσᾱς ἐπιπνευσαντος ἐπιπνευσᾱσα ἐπιπνευσᾱσης ἐπιπνευσαν ἐπιπνευσαντος
1st person2nd person3rd person
IndicativeSingular ἐπεπνευσάμην ἐπεπνεύσω ἐπεπνεύσατο
Dual ἐπεπνεύσασθον ἐπεπνευσάσθην
Plural ἐπεπνευσάμεθα ἐπεπνεύσασθε ἐπεπνεύσαντο
SubjunctiveSingular ἐπιπνεύσωμαι ἐπιπνεύσῃ ἐπιπνεύσηται
Dual ἐπιπνεύσησθον ἐπιπνεύσησθον
Plural ἐπιπνευσώμεθα ἐπιπνεύσησθε ἐπιπνεύσωνται
OptativeSingular ἐπιπνευσαίμην ἐπιπνεύσαιο ἐπιπνεύσαιτο
Dual ἐπιπνεύσαισθον ἐπιπνευσαίσθην
Plural ἐπιπνευσαίμεθα ἐπιπνεύσαισθε ἐπιπνεύσαιντο
ImperativeSingular ἐπιπνεύσαι ἐπιπνευσάσθω
Dual ἐπιπνεύσασθον ἐπιπνευσάσθων
Plural ἐπιπνεύσασθε ἐπιπνευσάσθων
Infinitive ἐπιπνεύσεσθαι
Participle MasculineFeminineNeuter
ἐπιπνευσαμενος ἐπιπνευσαμενου ἐπιπνευσαμενη ἐπιπνευσαμενης ἐπιπνευσαμενον ἐπιπνευσαμενου

The inflection forms above were generated by rules and some usages of them were not attested.

Due to a bug of system, some forms may display wrong accents.


  • ἄρξει τε, ὡσ ὁ Ἑρμῆσ ἔφη, τῶν πλεόντων καὶ ἡμῶν ἔσται δέσποινα, ὅντινα ἂν ἡμῶν ἐθέλῃ ἐκπέμψαι ἢ κωλῦσαι ἐπιπνεῖν. (Lucian, Dialogi Marini, notus and zephuros, chapter 23)
  • Περὶ τὴν ἐρυθρὰν γὰρ θάλατταν εἰργαζόμην, ἐπέπνευσα δὲ καὶ μέροσ τῆσ Ἰνδικῆσ, ὅσα παράλια τῆσ χώρασ· (Lucian, Dialogi Marini, zephyrus and notus, chapter 16)
  • "ᾧ δ’ ἂν Ἔρωσ ἐπισκήψῃ τε καὶ ἐπιπνεύσῃ, πρῶτον μὲν ἐκ τῆσ Πλατωνικῆσ πόλεωσ τὸ ἐμόν οὐχ ἕξει καὶ τὸ οὐκ ἐμόν · (Plutarch, Amatorius, section 2120)
  • τότε δὲ καὶ θέρουσ ἀκμάζοντοσ ἰσχύων καὶ τρεφόμενοσ τῇ τῶν ὑπαρκτίων ἀνέσει πάγων ἥδιστοσ ἐπέπνει καὶ κατεῖχεν αὐτούσ τε καὶ βοτὰ δι’ ἡμέρασ ἀναψύχων. (Plutarch, Sertorius, chapter 17 3:3)
  • μαινόμενοσ δ’ ἐπιπνεῖ λαοδάμασ μιαίνων εὐσέβειαν Ἄρησ. (Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, choral, antistrophe 27)


  1. to breathe upon

  2. to blow furiously upon

  3. to blow over

  4. to excite

  5. to inspire into


Source: Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon". revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones.

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